The Speech Therapist is a healthcare professional who specialises in the evaluation, rehabilitation, prevention and education of all diseases that cause communication, language, learning, speech and swallowing disorders.
Main fields of intervention:
- Aphasia: partial or total loss of the ability to communicate due to a stroke, brain haemorrhage, traumas. The affected person may have difficulty in expressing and understanding spoken and (or written language. After a careful assessment, the speech therapist can help the patient to improve his/her communicative language skills and provide useful advice to family in order to help the patient.
- Stuttering: alteration of the verbal flow characterised by embarrassment and disruption of speech, pauses, repetition of syllables, lengthening of vowels, fixed postures. It is important to seek a speech therapist when these signs occur frequently and in different situations.
- Atypical swallowing and orofacial muscle imbalance: abnormal swallowing occurs in children with an altered tongue positioning during swallowing. The consequences can affect language articulation and dentition (malocclusion). The speech therapist has an important role in the re-education of the functions of language and orofacial muscles, speeding up the orthodontic treatment times and preventing relapses.
- Dysarthria: speech disorder where problems occur with the muscles that help produce speech. The rehabilitative intervention by the speech therapist in these cases is focused on the organs involved in producing speech.
- Dysphagia: disorder that prevents the proper process of swallowing. The main causes of dysphagia are stroke, head trauma, spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, ALS, muscular dystrophy, tumours in the head and neck area. In these cases, it is very important to have a speech therapist who teaches postures and movements that enable eating and provide advice on food consistencies, decreasing the risk that the cud blocks the respiratory passages.
- Dysphonia: a change in the quality of voice, due to organic and functional causes. The voice may seem more hoarse and weak. This leads to fatigue during a conversation and it sometimes even leads to aphonia. If the disorder occurs with a certain frequency, it is best to seek speech and language rehabilitation.
- Dislalia: phonemic disorder (speech impediment), caused by functional or organic dysfunctions concerning the vocal tract (mouth, tongue, teeth).
- Specific Language Impairment: delay or impairment in one or more areas of language development in the absence of cognitive, sensory, motor, emotional and socio-environmental deficiencies. Children with SLI have varying difficulties in understanding, producing and using language in one or all language components (phonology, semantics, syntax ...).
- Specific Learning Disability: difficulty in acquiring reading, writing skills (writing and spelling) and calculation. People with this disorder have normal intelligence, therefore, do not present neurological, visual and auditory problems and do not live in disadvantageous socio-cultural conditions.
- Speech Therapy & Aesthetics: facial rejuvenation and smoothing of facial wrinkles through a natural, non-invasive treatment which reprograms the Stomatognathic system (chewing, swallowing, breathing, articulation of words, facial expressions) and orofacial muscle elongation.
- Eustachian tube rehabilitation: functional healing treatment indicated for disorders affecting the tubal ventilation, seromucous otitis and rhinogenic deafness, both in childhood that adults. It is a treatment based on learning a series of exercises, phono-articulatory manoeuvers done in time sequence, which are intended to stimulate the muscles that regulate the opening and the proper functioning of the Eustachian tube.