The term neurosurgery refers to a surgery specialty concerned with the treatment of brain diseases, the spinal cord and nerves (including peripheral nerves).
A neurosurgical visit is necessary if there are symptoms of considerable pain in the spine or limb, formication, face or limb paralysis, including blocking of speech, syncope and sudden vision loss.
Neurosurgery (surgical neurology) is a surgery specialty dedicated to the treatment of diseases and pathological conditions of the central and peripheral nervous system, the spinal column and spinal cord. Any surgical procedure that affects the nervous system in all its functions is thus operated by a neurosurgeon.
However, it should be noted that the orthopaedic surgery field is also concerned with spine disorders therefore the treatment of vertebral pathologies is currently entrusted to both fields.
Neurosurgical diseases can be classified as follows:
• Cerebrovascular diseases: cerebral hemorrhage and hematoma that are either spontaneous or caused by the rupture of intracranial aneurysms or angiomas.
• Brain and spinal cord tumours.
• Skull (vault and base) and craniofacial tumours.
• Spinal tumours.
• Intracranial meningeal and spinal tumours (meningiomas).
• Cranial and spinal nerve sheath tumours (neuromas).
• Hypothalamic-pituitary tumors (adenomas, craniopharyngioma).
• Primary tumors of the central nervous system (astrocytomas, gliomas).
• Metastatic tumours from other organs.
• Cranial and spinal traumas
• Osteoarthritis of the spine
• Herniated discs (cervical, thoracic and lumbar).
• Cervical spondylotic myelopathy.
• Stenosis of the spinal canal (cervical and lumbar).
• Spondylolisthesis (degenerative and malformation-dysplastic).
• Pathology of the peripheral nervous system: nerve entrapment (carpal tunnel, elbow ulnar neuropathy etc.), tumors (neuromas, etc.), traumas
• Functional and stereotactic neurosurgery (Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, biopsies).
• Pain management procedures - Decompression (trigeminal neuralgia, facial pain, etc.)
Despite the technological advances made at the diagnostic stage and the use of superior techniques in surgery, anaesthesia and intensive care, there are still significant risks and complications for some neurosurgical procedures, especially with regards to skull base tumours, cerebral vascular malformations and complex vertebral medullary diseases.
Depending on the disease treated, the ultimate goals of an attentive and experienced neurosurgeon should be:
• To provide patients with the disease treatment or a prolonged life by ensuring the highest possible quality of life;
• To reduce symptoms or at least stabilize them;
• To minimize the risk of surgical complications;
• To procure the least possible biological changes, which also implies a less invasive approach in surgery;
• To optimize the post-operative recovery, with or without the help of rehabilitation treatment, to facilitate a rapid return to daily activities;
• Contained costs
SERVICES OFFERED AT DALLA ROSA PRATI MEDICAL CENTRE
Specialist consultancy regarding general neurosurgery, spine and peripheral nerve surgery.
Via Emilia Ovest, 12/A
MONDAY - FRIDAY
7.00 - 20.30
7.30 - 14.00
MONDAY - FRIDAY
7.00 - 12.30
7.30 - 09.30
Pap Test on reservation