A biologist has the competence to prescribe diets, and such competence is expressly recognised by law. In fact, there is a specific rule of law, namely Article 3 of Law 24.5.1967, no. 396 that recognizes this profession and its competencies of evaluating nutritional needs and prescribing the subsequent diets, by literally stating that the activities that make up this profession is “to assess man’s nutritional and energy needs”.
Moreover, the same important administrative case law has confirmed that in addition to the law, the foundation of the competence of a biologist is constituted by the aforesaid decree of the Ministry of Justice no. 362/93 (v. Cons. State, sect. V, 16.11.2005, no. 6394, Adm. Court, Cons. St. 2005, 3305). As per the principles of the Judgement 16626 the biologist is obliged to not qualify as a doctor, not diagnose and not prescribe medications.
Who is a nutritionist?
A nutritionist deals with and advises people from a nutritional point of view, whether they are in excellent physiological conditions, or whether they present pathologies (in close collaboration with their doctor), and develops customised diets/nutritional plans.
In fact, the nutritionist identifies the person’s needs related to food and nutrition through an individual and/or group visit/interview. Once a diet/nutritional plan is established that is appropriate for the specific needs, the nutritionist verifies the performance and effect it has on the individuals. The nutritionist prepares informative material and conducts meetings aimed at disseminating knowledge relating to a correct nutrition.
What does a nutritionist do?
The nutritionist defines a diet/nutrition plan, identifies the person’s nutritional needs, establishes an appropriate diet/nutritional plan and verifies its performance and effects.
The nutritionist schedules nutritional education seminars, prepares informative material and conducts meetings aimed at disseminating knowledge for a correct nutrition in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases caused by an unhealthy diet.
The nutritionist analyses the health and hygiene aspect of food, identifies the production, preservation and distribution of food processes, paying particular attention to the ingredients used.
The nutritionist evaluates the nutritional characteristics when there are changes in the production or conservation processes, and suggests solutions for the improvement of the food production process based on the knowledge of the nutritional properties of food and the modifications that arise in technological processes.
A nutritionist provides personalised advice to his/her clients, whether they are in excellent physiological conditions, or whether they present pathologies, and is in close cooperation with their doctor, developing customised diets/nutritional plans.
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